Can you see the white stream within the gorge (left hand corner down). Thats river Kunthi which runs down 20 Kms untouched by mankind. That Gorge was where the dam was proposed in late seventies by KSEB (kerala state electricity board). Many years ago the people of this country fought for a campaign to save silent valley from being submerged under the waters of proposed hydel project. 

Silent Valley is no longer silent. It is the speaking symbol of a people's campaign for conservation. A paradigm for development without destruction. Thanks to all those unsung heroes who fought this movement and saved it for the future generations.

The evolutionary age of Silent valley evergreen rain forest is believed to be 50 Million years. We in todays world can destroy it in less than 50 days. Such is the power of  man's destructive forces. We owe to protect it with full heart and soul.


Ipsea Malabarica (Malabar Daffodil Orchid)

The spirit of Silent Valley; the Spirit of Conservation.
It was a set mission to to photograph this endangered, undisputedly called the QUEEN of all Orchids IPSEA MALABARICA.
Though I knew it was not the season to photograph these as the rains were over and the last of the flowers were also disappeared this season. But a determined photographer always has his luck awaiting in disguise. The last flower in the area was awaiting me to be photographed.

Ipsea Malabarica ( The golden Orchid)

These golden flowers bloom in very restricted areas of Silent valley found no where else in the world. 

Ipsea Malabarica in its highly Fragile habitat



Composition, a word most commonly used by the artists. What a common man knows but cannot comprehend.
What a photographer is taught from the day one. Compose your frame intact before you press the shutter. Use the gridlines in the viewfinder for assistance.
Divide your frame into 3 equal parts horizontally and vertically. Place your subject of importance at the intersection point. That’s where the eye falls at the first glance.

Balance your images on right and left. Keep the horizon at one third or two third of the frame. Do not cut the lines in the middle of the frame. All are implied rules. They rather have to be followed explicitly irrespective of the kind or style of photography being practiced.
Consider a frame as below contained inside a rectangle in the normal aspect ratio of 2:3.
The upper edge of the frame is called the suspension or if we compare it with nature its the sky. The lower edge of the frame is called the support or if we compare it with nature its the earth. 
The two sides form the balance. It can be compared to the regular weight balance. For a balanced frame it should have elements that can balance the frame. Simple is it.

In the below image the scenery is beautiful but the image has to be balanced on the right hand side.  Putting the boatman on the right hand side at the intersection point balances the image and the emphasis is given to the boatman (becomes the important subject in the picture).

The rule of thirds. How this is arrived at is a simple logic. Here is the logic.
Simply give 5 one rupee coin to your maid at home and ask her to divide it into 2 unequal parts. Irrespective of whether she calculates or not the instinct would be 2 and 3.
This is the psychology behind it or the human mental balance. This was just a story to substantiate the below theory of composition.
One of the best books to learn composition in photography.

If you divide 5 = 2+3 you are mentally balanced with the result. But 5= 1+4 though right theoretically but we feel little uncomfortable. Do I make sense here. This holds true for 99% of the population.
Typically the ratios that appeal to us are of the form
1/3 = .333
2/3 =  .666

2/5 = .4
3/5 = .6 and so on but revolves around the above concept.
Similarly we tend to look for these ratios our eyes tend to scan the portions in the photos where these ratios fall approximately. Thus the rule of third.Now let me take you through some mathematics and simple geometry drawings.

BC = ½ AB

C is the center; CD the radius cut the arc.  The ratio is obtained which substantiate for the rule of thirds.  
This explains why our eyes scan the photos at places where our otherwise conscious mind would not look for or simply put the rule of thirds. Place the objects at the meeting points of these lines.
Last but not the least. Rules are meant to be broken. But knowing what you are breaking makes a difference.